- Ötzi (the Iceman) (2:39) Bob Conti $0.99 1:22
- Shanf (4:37) Bob Conti $0.99 2:23
- Wapiti Azteca (4:00) Bob Conti $0.99 1:00
- Borneo (4:43) Bob Conti $0.99 1:00
- Two Tribes (3:54) Bob Conti $0.99 0:58
- Otsj (3:27) Bob Conti $0.99 2:03
- Pearling (4:08) Bob Conti $0.99 2:17
- Stelarc (3:45) Bob Conti $0.99 1:17
- Casino Ohaguro (4:37) Bob Conti $0.99 2:03
- Yaeba (1:19) Bob Conti $0.99 0:54
Shanf: Nose piercing was first recorded in the Middle East approximately 4,000 years ago. The original Hebrew word used was Shanf, which also translates as “nose-ring.”
In the 16th century, nose piercing was bought to India from the Middle East by the Mughal emperors. In India, a ring (i.e. Nath) is usually worn in the left nostril. The reason the left nostril is more commonly pierced is, in Ayurveda (i.e. Indian medicine). The piercing is believed to make childbirth easier and lessen menstrual pain. An Indian woman’s nose piercing is sometimes joined to her ear by a chain.
Wapiti Azteca: The tongue was pierced to draw blood to please the gods, and to create an altered state of consciousness so that the priest or shaman could communicate with the gods.
Borneo: Ear piercing is the oldest recorded form of piercing practiced in the world. The oldest earrings found in a grave date back to 2,500 BC in the Sumerian city of Ur, in ancient Mesopotamia.
Two Tribes: Two tribes pierce the lips with a ring, the Dogon tribe of Mali and the Nuba of Ethiopia. Among the Dogon, lip piercing has religious significance. They believe the world was created by their ancestor spirit “Noomi,” weaving thread through her teeth, but instead of thread, out came speech.
Otsj: Septum piercing is particularly prevalent among warrior cultures. Otsj are usually made from the leg bones of pigs, but occasionally they are made from the tibia bones of enemies slain in battle.
Pearling: The practice comes from the pre-colonial period in the Philippines.
The best-known historical use of pearling involves the Yakuza of Japan, an organized crime syndicate whose members perform several notable types of body modification, including full body irezumi, tattooing and Yubitsume, the amputation of finger joints in penance to their superiors.
Stelarc: Performance Artist Stelios Arcadiou had a cell-cultivated ear implanted on his arm. Stelios holds the titles of Honorary Professor of Art and Robotics, Senior Research Fellow and Artist-in-Residence, MARCS Auditory Laboratories, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
Casino Ohaguro: Casino Ohaguro is a custom of dying one’s teeth black. It was most popular in Japan until the Meiji era. It proved to be beneficial in prevention of tooth decay. Traces of blackened teeth can be seen in the buried bones and haniwa (250 to 538 CE) from the Kofun period.
Yaeba: Yaeba is a term used to describe human teeth, especially upper canines, with an uncommonly fang-like appearance. In Japan it is perceived as a sign of youthfulness. Beauty is a very subjective thing and its definition changes wildly depending on who you ask. There’s no better example of this than the Japanese yaeba phenomenon. Some people in Japan think that a yaeba or snaggletooth, whose front teeth stick out or overlap, can be the cutest part of a woman.